Class 7

The Muslim’s day in Ramadaan

The Muslim should strive to organize his time in this blessed month so that he will not miss out on a great opportunity to do more good and righteous deeds. Following is a suggested program for the Muslim during the blessed month of Ramadan.


The Muslim starts his day with waking up early for suhoor before Fajr prayer. He wakes up and does the actions of Sunnah of waking up (wipes his face, recites dua, washes hands, rinses nose…) It is better to delay suhoor until the latest possible time of the night.

Then after that he gets ready for Fajr prayer. So he does wudoo at home and goes out to the mosque before the adhaan.

When he enters the mosque, he prays two rak’ahs (tahiyyat al-masjid – greeting the mosque). Then he sits and keeps busy making du’aa’, or reading Qur’aan, or reciting dhikr, until the muezzin gives the call to prayer. He repeats what the muezzin says, and says the du’aa’ narrated from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) to be said after the adhaan ends. Then after that he prays two rak’ahs (the regular Sunnah of Fajr), then he occupies himself with du’aa’ and reading Qur’aan until the iqaamah for prayer is given. He is in a state of prayer so long as he is waiting for the prayer.

- If he adhaan is pronounced when he is at home then he replies to the Adhaan and then offers the two Rakah Sunnah prayer of Fajr at home and then leave for the Masjid.

After offering the prayer in congregation, he recites the dhikrs that are prescribed following the salaam at the end of the prayer. After that if he wants to sit in the mosque until the sun has risen, reciting dhikr and reading Qur’aan, that is preferable, and that is what the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to do after Fajr prayer.

Then about one-quarter of an hour after the sun has risen, if he wants he can pray Duha prayer (a minimum of two rak’ahs), and that is good. Or if he wants he can delay it until the preferred time, which is when the day has grown hotter and the sun is higher in the sky – that is better. Then if he wants he may sleep to prepare himself for going to work, and he can intend by sleeping to strengthen himself for worship and earning a living, so that he will be rewarded for it in sha Allah. He should also follow the etiquette of sleep that is prescribed in sharee’ah, both actions and words. (Sleep on the right side, right hand under the cheek, recite dua for sleeping and the Ayaat prescribed in Sunnah)

At Work

He does the work with all honesty and to the best of his ability. In his free time (if any) at work he talks to his colleagues about Fasts about what they planning to do and achieve this Ramadan and follows up later if the planned deeds are being achieved. He motivates them to keep going and share the knowledge about the Sunnah of Fasting and acts recommended to do in Ramadan. He can propose a plan to have some money from everyone so that together they can feed the poor and do other charitable deeds.

When the time for Zuhr prayer comes, he goes to the mosque early, so he prays four rak’ahs regular Sunnah before Zuhr (preferably with with two tasleems), then if there is time he keeps busy reading Qur’aan until the iqaamah for prayer is given, and he prays with the congregation, then he prays two rak’ahs (the regular Sunnah after Zuhr).

Then after the prayer he continues with work, until it is time to leave work. If Asr comes while at work he follows the same pattern and again offer the optional 4 Rakahs Sunnah before Asr (preferably with two tasleems) or if he is home by Asr then he can sit a little longer after Salah to recite a few pages of Quran. Then after ‘Asr and work, it depends on his circumstances, if he feels tired, then he should rest at this time so that he will be ready to pray Taraaweeh at night.

Women at Home during Noon time

They should follow the same pattern for Salah and recite Quran as much as they can. They should try and have the basic things for food ready during this time so that they are not busy cooking near the time of Iftaar. Also they should spend time teaching the children about Ramadan and Islam.

Evening - Iftar

The first thing we should all try is to have the Iftaar ready well before time, and we should make sure that the women are not busy cooking till it is almost Iftaar time. Before the adhaan for Maghrib, we should get ready to break the fast, and we should do something at this time that will benefit us, reading Qur’aan, making du’aa’, having a useful conversation with family.

If with family sometime should be spent to educating children about Ramadan, why we fast, how Allah loves Fasting and its great Rewards. The children should feel the essence of Ramadan and not take it like a festival of Food and gatherings.

One of the best things that we can do at the time of Iftaar, is to take part in offering iftaar to those who are fasting, whether by bringing food to them or helping to distribute it to them and organizing that. This brings a great joy which no one knows except those who have experienced it.

Do not get too divulged in the Food that we miss out on parts of the Salah, we can always come back and eat if needed but try to keep it light before you offer Maghrib.

After Maghrib and reading the Adhkar of the evening we come back home and offer the two Rakahs of Sunnah after Maghirb at home reciting Surah Kaafiroon in 1st Rakah and Surah Ikhlas in 2nd Rakah. Then he looks for a suitable way for himself and his family to spend this time, whether reading a book of stories, or a book on practical rulings, or a quiz, or permissible conversation, or any other useful idea that is of interest to the members of the family and will distracts them from the haraam things that appear in the media which regard this as their prime time, so you find the media transmitting their most attractive programs at that time, that may contain immoral and obscene material. Strive to turn away from that, and fear Allaah with regard to your “flock” (i.e., your family) concerning whom you will be questioned on the Day of Resurrection, so be prepared to answer the questions. You can also opt to rest a little before Isha and Tarawih.

Night - Isha & Tarawih

Then get ready for ‘Isha’ prayer, go to the mosque and keep busy reading Qur’aan. For those who do not understand Arabic they lose a great deal in Tarawih as they do not understand the words of Allah being recited and hence cannot concentrate enough but one of the ways to make the most of Tarawih is to read the translation of the Ayahs that will be recited in Tarawih so that they can listen and concentrate.

Then after that perform ‘Isha’ prayer, then pray two rak’ahs (the regular Sunnah of ‘Isha’), then pray taraaweeh behind the imam with humility and focus, pondering the meanings of what is recited. Do not finish until the imam finishes. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever stands (and prays) with the imam until he finishes, it will be recorded as if he spent the night in prayer.” (Narrated by Abu Dawood, 1370).

Night – After Tarawih

Then after Taraaweeh you can make a program for yourself that is suited to your circumstances and personal commitments. But you should pay attention to the following:

Keeping away from all haraam things and whatever may lead to them. Paying attention to ensuring that your family avoid falling into any haraam thing or whatever may lead to that, in a wise manner, such as preparing a program just for them, or taking them out for leisure trips to permissible places, or keeping them away from bad friends, or looking for good friends for them.

Keeping busy with things that take priority. Then you should try to sleep early, whilst paying attention to the etiquette of sleep as prescribed in sharee’ah, both actions and words. If you read some Qur’aan or some beneficial books before going to sleep, that is something good, especially if you have not yet completed your daily portion of Qur’aan – so do not go to sleep until you have completed it.

Then wake up before suhoor early, allowing enough time to recite du’aa’, because this time – the last third of the night – is the time when Allaah descends, and Allaah has praised those who seek His forgiveness at this time, and has promised those who call upon Him at this time that He will answer them, and that He will accept the repentance of those who repent to Him at this time. So do not neglect this great opportunity.

Add Sunnahs to your LIfe

The above program highlighted 30+ Sunnahs during the day but there are almost 1000 Sunnahs for one day and night narrated from the Sunnah (can be found in the book 1000 Sunnahs of Day & Night) a book available online and on Darussallam Book store. The book can be downloaded from the link below…

A Muslim should strive to add Sunnahs to his life in this Blessed Month, as while Fasting in Ramadan he is more mindful and motivated then ever and hence he can do regular acts of his life in the way of the Sunnah and make them all Ibaadaat like for instance we should Say Allahu Akbar while ascending (climbing upstairs) and SubhaanAllah while descending (going downstairs) now think how many times in a day do we go upstairs and downstairs all of them can be counted as good deeds if we just say Allahu Akbar and SubhaanAllah respectively.


Friday is the best day of the week, so you should have a special program of worship on this day, in which you pay attention to the following:

  • Coming early to Jumu’ah prayer.

  • Staying in the mosque after ‘Asr prayer, and keeping busy with reading Qur’aan and making du’aa’ until the last hour of this day, for that is a time when du’aa’s are answered.

  • Make this day an opportunity for completing some of your deeds that you did not finish during the week, such as completing your weekly portion of Qur’aan, or finishing reading a book or listening to a tape and other good deeds.

The last ten days of Ramadaan

The last ten days of Ramadaan include Laylat al-Qadr which is better than a thousand months. Hence it is prescribed for a person to observe i’tikaaf (“retreat” for the purpose of worship) in the mosque during these ten days, as the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to do, seeking Laylat al-Qadr. Whoever can observe i’tikaaf at this time, this is a great blessing from Allaah.

Whoever cannot observe i’tikaaf for the entire period should do as much as he is able to. If he is not able to do i’tikaaf at all, then he should try to spend the nights in worship. Praying qiyaam, reading Qur’aan, remembering Allaah and making du’aa’. He should prepare for that by resting during the day so that he will be able to stay up at night.

Please finish your Eid shopping well before Ramadan and avoid going out for shopping during these nights, it is crowded everywhere during this time and requires a lot of time to get a simple task done. It tires us down and hinders our Ibaadaat.

Note: This program is just a suggestion. It is a flexible schedule that each person can adapt to his/her own circumstances.

This program pays attention to the Sunnahs that are proven from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). It does not mean that everything mentioned here is an obligatory duty, rather it includes many things that are Sunnah and mustahabb.

The most beloved of actions to Allaah are those which are continuous even if they are little. At the beginning of the month a person may be keen to do acts of worship, then he may slow down. Beware of that, and strive to persist in all the actions that you do in this blessed month. The Muslim should strive to organize his time in this blessed month so that he will not miss out on a great opportunity to do more good and righteous deeds. For example, a person should try to buy all the things that the family needs before the month begins, and he should buy day-to-day needs at times when the stores are not crowded, and visits to friends and family should be organized in such a way that they do not distract from acts of worship.

Make doing lots of acts of worship and drawing closer to Allaah your priority in this blessed month.

Resolve at the beginning of the month to go to the mosque early at the times of prayer, and to complete the Book of Allaah, and to regularly pray qiyaam al-layl in this great month, and to spend (in charity) what you can of your wealth.

Make the most of the opportunity that the month of Ramadaan brings to strengthen your connection to the Book of Allaah, by utilizing the following means:

  • Read the verses correctly. The way to do that is to have your reading corrected by someone who knows how to read well. If you cannot do that, then by listening to tapes of expert readers.

  • Revise what Allaah has enabled you to memorize,

  • And memorize some more parts of the Quran.

  • Read the tafseer (commentary) on the verses, and strive to apply the commands that you read in the Book of Allaah.

We ask Allaah to perfect for us the blessing of Ramadaan, and to help us fast and pray qiyaam throughout the whole month, and to accept (these acts of worship) from us, and to forgive us for our shortcomings.

Ramandan Resolutions?

What are your Ramadan resolutions? How do you plan to make the most of this month? Below are a few suggestions from LEARN ISLAM...

  • Offer Salah with Jamaa

  • Offer Salah in First Row

  • Increase Khushoo in Salah

  • Offer all 12 Sunnah Muakkidah prayers

  • Repent

  • Leave particular Sins/Habits for good

  • Finish reciting Quran once

  • Finish Quran reciting more than once

  • Memorize Part of Quran

  • Learn how to Recite Quran Properly (Tajweed)

  • Read Quran with translation once.

  • Offer Duha/Ishraq Prayers

  • Give Charity every day

  • Provide Iftar to poor people (every day if possible)

  • Learn Islam

  • Finish Islamic Books

  • Learn Seerah, Stories of the Prophets & Sahaba

  • Perform Umrah(s)

  • Sponsor others (poor) to perform Umrah

  • Perform Itikaaf

  • Forgive and make up with relatives

  • Add atleast one Sunnah to your life each day of Ramadan.

  • Learn Duas for day to day activities from the Sunnah.

  • Make dua in seclusion (preferably before Iftar and Suhur)

  • Distribute Islamic Books to friends and family

  • Recite daily Adkhaar

  • Do voluntary social work for Muslims

Tomorrow’s class will InshaAllah be “ Introduction to Fiqh of Zakah

Link to Urdu Lecture by Shaikh Yasir Al Jabri

Note: -The Lecture can have more or less details from the that what is written here in English. The Tests will ONLY be from what is written here in English. The Lectures are provided to have give better understanding of the matter.


  1. This class has more to do with practical actions in Ramadan than the Exams. So remember the good things and implement them in your lives.


There will be an Assignment Question asked in the Test. Marks will be given based on the following: -

  1. During this week make plans amongst your family and/or friends about Ramadan. Include in it the three things mentioned below. - 5 Marks

    • a) Host Iftar for the poor (try feeding 30 ppl so its like one per day) (if you can afford to)

    • b) Plan and list out atleast one more Surah that you will Memorise from the Quran

    • c) See the Sunnahs that you have not been following and plan to start implementing it in Ramadan.

    Do not take this wrong, our intention is to generate this thought process of taking Ramadan seriously, to serve the community and earn more rewards. Ofcourse it is not for the marks but take this as a motivation to start planning and speak to a few of your family members or friends about this so they are also motivated to do this with you and you both push each other to achieve it InShaAllah. May Allah make it easy for everyone and accept it from us all.

  2. Inform atleast 15 people that LEARN ISLAM will be launching their website in Ramadan, providing free online Islamic Courses. - 5 Marks.



Pls read our FAQs to get the details and to know how we go about things if U have any further Qs pls feel free to ask...

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Happy Learning...JazakAllah Khair...As Salam Alaikum Wa Rahmatullaahi Wa Barakaatuh :)